Dutch Landscapes

This is part of our special feature, Imagining, Thinking, and Teaching Europe.


When Google introduced its free satellite imagery service to the world in 2005, views of our planet only previously accessible to astronauts and surveyors were suddenly available to anyone with an internet connection. Yet the vistas revealed by this technology were not universally embraced.

Governments concerned about the sudden visibility of political, economic and military locations exerted considerable influence on suppliers of this imagery to censor sites deemed vital to national security. This form of censorship continues today and techniques vary from country to country with preferred methods generally including use of cloning, blurring, pixelization, and whitening out sites of interest.

Surprisingly, one of the most vociferous of all governments to enforce this form of censorship were the Dutch, hiding hundreds of significant sites including royal palaces, fuel depots and army barracks throughout their relatively small country. The Dutch method of censorship is notable for its stylistic intervention compared to other countries; imposing bold, multi-coloured polygons over sites rather than the subtler and more standard techniques employed in other countries.

The result is a landscape occasionally punctuated by sharp aesthetic contrasts between secret sites and the rural and urban environments surrounding them.

In the original book of this series, these interventions are presented alongside physical alterations made to the Dutch landscape through a vast land reclamation project that began in the 16th Century and is ongoing. A third of the Netherlands lies below sea level and the dunes, dykes, pumps, and drainage networks engineered over hundreds of years have dramatically shaped the country’s landscape, providing it with huge swathes of arable land that would otherwise be submerged.

Seen from the distant gaze of Earth’s orbiting satellites, the result is a landscape unlike any other; one in which polygons recently imposed on the landscape to protect the country from an imagined human menace bear more than a passing resemblance to a physical landscape designed to combat a very real and constant natural threat.


Staphorst Ammunition Depot, Staphorst


Rutten, Flevoland


Nato Storage Annex, Coevorden, Drenthe


Near Holwerd, Friesland


Willem Lodewijk van Nassau Kazerne, Vierhuizen, Groningen



Mishka Henner b.1976 (French British Belgian) has exhibited at MoMA New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Turner Contemporary, Margate, Hasselblad Foundation, Goterborg, and Örebro konsthall amongst others. His works have been collected by the Arts Council England collection, Victoria & Albert Museum, New York Public Library, and the Cleveland Museum of Art amongst others. He’s received the world’s smallest photography award, the Kleine Hans award, in 2011, and was awarded the ICP Infinity Award for Art in New York in 2013. Henner was also part of the ABC Artists’ Books Cooperative. He lives and works in Manchester, England. 


Published on June 3, 2020.


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